Spending an afternoon using an old letterpress I experienced what it would have been like to create printed text in the early 20th century until offset printing took.
Modernism, in the fine arts, late 19th to mid-20th century, a break with the past and the concurrent search for new forms of expression. It fostered a period of experimentation in literature, music, dance, visual art, and architecture. Learn more about the history of Modernism and its various manifestations.
The word pop came about in 1950's it began in America and quickly moved to England, the word pop is a shortened version of pop culture, referring to the output of mass media, like film and posters, Lawrence Alloway called it Pop to describe a new kind of popular. Most know Pop art as the most influential movement post war art movement.
De Stijl also known as Neo-Plasticism is an art and design movement that originated in Holland by painters, designers and artists. Its founders were Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg. This movement simplified and abstracted art by using asymmetrical balance or rectangles, planes, verticals, horizontals, the use of primary colours along with black white and grey.
Introduction to Neo-Impressionism, Part I by Dr. Charles Cramer and Dr. Kim Grant Georges Seurat, A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, 1884-86, oil on canvas, 207.5 x 308.1 cm (Art Institute of Chicago).
The De Stijl art movement of 1917 to 1931 included paintings, architecture, furniture, and graphic design, and was based on the idea, or rather the principle, of absolute abstraction, the elimination of all representational images, to be replaced by straight lines, right angles, and the three primary colors.
In the catalog's erudite introductory essay by Robert C. Morgan, the writer references the Bauhaus as the source of Ms. Thomsen's approach to art. I myself would go slightly further back to the De Stijl movement (which itself, of course, exerted tremendous influence on the development of the Bauhaus aesthetic).
The book Art Deco, written by the German-based art historian Norbert Wolf, traces the origins of the movement in the period between the two World Wars, focusing on the pioneering creations, characteristics of this widely recognizable style, most significant artists, and also social and political contextualization of the movement.